The kidney, this are two bean shaped delicate organs within the renal system. The kidneys main job is to clean your blood and system. They remove waste ,control the body’s fluids balance and keep the proper level of electrolytes.

All of the blood in your body passes through them several times each day.Blood enters the kidney, waste gets removed , salt ,water and minerals are adjusted if needed but over the years about 9million out of the entire population suffered from this noble desease.

In this chapter we’ll be looking at what really are kidney stones and it’s causes. Now kidney stones are hard deposits of minerals and acid salts that stick together in concentrated urine. Mostly they can be painful when passing through the urinary tract, but usually they cause damage gradually resulting in the failure of the kidney to function.

Due to the high increase in the desease dialysis machine was manufactured to at list reduce the death toll. kidney stones are often grouped into  4 types namely;

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Calcium stones This are the foremost common type of kidney stones. Usually they are made of calcium and oxalate (a natural chemical found in most foods), but are sometimes made of calcium and phosphate.


Uric acid stones  this are formed when your urine is often too acidic. Uric acid can form stones by itself or with calcium

Struvite stones Actually happens when one suffers from certain sorts of urinary tract infections during which bacteria makes ammonia which builds up in your urine. Struvite stones are made of magnesium, ammonium and phosphate.And therefore foods  in this categories must not be taken in high quantity.

Cystine stones are made of a chemical that your body makes naturally, it’s called cystine.now  Cystine stones are very rare, and happen in people who have a genetic disorder that causes cystine to leak from the kidneys into the urine.Durine. Diabetes is one of the Health factors that may eventually create room for the formation of kidney stones.

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Causes & prevention of kidney stones

Obesity/Overweight: studies shows Obesity and weight gain increase the risk of kidney stone formation gradually.It was studied that the magnitude of the increased risk may be more in women than in men. Kidney stones are a major cause of morbidity.

Deferring the Urge to Urinate: Deferring pee is one of the most widely recognized negative behavior patterns that can harm your kidneys. On the off chance that you delay pee the microbes will remain longer in your bladder and can cause kidney diseases.

Not Drinking Enough Water: Remaining hydrated is imperative to help the kidneys appropriately flush out the poisons from your body. The National Health Service in the UK makes reference to lack of hydration as a reason for kidney harm and kidney stones. To keep your kidneys sound, you need to take in a lot of water.

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High consumption of fatty Meat:

Eating an excessive amount of meat can harm your kidneys. So don’t eat an excess of meat and incorporate vegetable to your eating regimen. Eat healthy foods that keeps your kidneys sound.

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Excess intake of Alcohol:

In the event that you drink a lot of liquor, the uric corrosive will be put away in the renal tubules, prompting the cylindrical deterrent which expands the danger of kidney harm.

Absence of Sleep: Deficiency of rest can cause kidney harm and most importantly lots of people are not aware of this

Taking an excess of drugs: This is another explanation that harm kidneys. To keep your kidneys sound don’t take an excess of prescription, attempt characteristic other option.

Using Too Much Salt:

Sodium mostly causes your kidneys to need to work more enthusiastically. In Preventing this take little of them .

Heavy Smoking of Cigarettes: Smoking can quicken the loss of kidney functions and intensify existing kidney ailments.

Selected source: Worlabee

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